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Monday, October 14, 2013

The rest of the world must stand with Kenya to combat and defeat terrorism

 
by Uhuru Kenyatta
Thursday, October 10, 2013
The weekend brought encouraging news in the international fight against terrorism, news that was particularly welcome in Kenya. American commandos in Libya seized Abu Anas, a suspect in the 1998 bombings of American embassies in Kenya and Tanzania.
In Somalia, US Navy Seals targeted a senior leader of Al-Shabaab, the al Qaeda-affiliated group responsible for the horrific recent attack on the Westgate shopping mall.
The raid in Somalia was reportedly abandoned to avoid civilian casualties before the al-Shabaab leader could be captured. Some Al-Shabaab members were killed, but it wasn’t immediately clear whether the targeted senior leader was among the casualties.
All of us who strive to fight terrorism should applaud these efforts. In particular, it is clear after the Westgate attack that the world must unite as never before in the fight against the spread of violence by al-Shabaab outside Somalia.
In September last year, the Kenyan military along with our partners in an African Union force successfully removed Al-Shabaab from Kismayu, Somalia’s major port, allowing the democratically elected Somali government to take control.
This port was a crucial source of money for the terrorists, who extorted legitimate traders. Yet al-Shabaab was still able to strike Nairobi, the business heart of East Africa, where Africans, Americans, Europeans and Asians live side by side.
Indeed, al-Shabaab appears to be shifting from a strategy of insurgency to one of sporadic terrorist attacks both within and beyond Somalia’s borders.
As I vowed last week in the wake of the attack, Kenyan troops will remain in Somalia to defend the government until Al-Shabaab no longer poses a threat to its future and to regional security.
But countries in Africa and beyond, who might be targeted by al-Shabaab’s exported terrorism must consider what else should be done to combat the group. Why do young men and women join Al-Shabaab and its wider networks? How can we cut off funding for this terror organisation?
Though it is not always the case with terrorists, one of the root causes for Somalis to join Al-Shabaab is poverty. For those who are young and poor and searching for identity, religious fanaticism can prove alluring.
For this reason, it is crucial that foreign business investment continues to flow to Kenya and its fellow members of the East African Community, Burundi, Rwanda, Tanzania and Uganda. It is through economic empowerment that young people who might be vulnerable to the Al-Shabaab message will have hope for a better life. At the same time, we in Kenya are increasing security measures to reassure international investors and their staff Nairobi.
ROUTES OF FUNDING
Al-Shabaab preys on the poor for recruitment, but the group itself is well-financed. Kenya and our international partners have identified three routes of funding: the illegal trade in ivory, the diversion of international remittances intended for others, and the theft of money intended for Muslim organisations.
Only weeks before the attack on Westgate, the government launched a campaign calling for a global moratorium on ivory trading. While we are already investing more in anti-poaching measures, this illegal trade — for which Al-Shabaab acts as a facilitator and broker — cannot be curtailed without an offensive against overseas buyers.
The support of foreign governments and non-governmental organisations in this effort is essential. In the coming months, Kenya will seek to bring all these participants together to devise and implement a global plan to end a business that endangers our wildlife and bankrolls attacks on our people.
Regarding the diversion of remittances, banks in the US and Britain are already curtailing many money-transfer services to Somalia and East Africa. It is important that innocent East Africans living abroad are not denied the opportunity to send money to their families.
That means the banking systems of Kenya and the region must formulate a more sophisticated and integrated relationships with the international financial community to ensure that only those who seek to harm us are financially suffocated.
In Kenya, we are aware that funds intended for honourable purposes, such as schools and welfare provision, are sometimes extorted to fund Al-Shabaab, which seeks to harm all Kenyans, regardless of their faith.
We must ensure Muslims are safe in Kenya to freely practise their religion without interference. They must know that donations they make to assist their communities are not diverted for malicious ends.
Al-Shabaab wants Kenya to turn inward and the world to withdraw its investment and support. We must show those who attacked Westgate that they have achieved the opposite, with Kenya and its allies working more closely than ever.
Our common goal should be a more prosperous, united Kenya, and al-Shabaab’s defeat.
Mr Kenyatta is President of the Republic of Kenya. This is a shortened version of an opinion article published by the Wall Street Journal on Tuesday.
This article was originally published in the Daily Nation

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