In this century, education will be the greatest tool for success much more than it has been in the last half of the twentieth century. This is particularly true in
Over the last decade, education spending in
More than half of
In order to empower the youth, the primary education must be high in the educational priorities. According to Unesco, currently, most countries in sub-Saharan
The method for increased funding for the primary education has been proven by Burundi as Unesco highlights; the recent experience of Burundi, which brought the number of out-of-school children down from 723,000 in 1999 to just 10,000 in 2009 was met with international praise and pledge for further assitance. Over the same period, Burundi increased its investment in education from 3.2% of GDP to 8.3%. But what made the real difference, says Unesco, was the decision to dedicate a much larger chunk of the budget to primary education, effectively moving public money away from secondary schools and universities. Thereofore, given this proven succes, no African country can justify for not educating their youth by focusing the primary education sector.
In the meantime, African governments, as part of the global economy, are wrestling with the recent economic crises while facing a looming population growth. As result, African leaders should take a concerete steps to stay ahead of this popluation growth by making strategic decisions on how to budget for education both in the short-term as well as the long-term. One thing is certain, the economic downturn or stagnation in the more developed countries (MDCs) will likely continue at least in the first half of this decade. This means less international aide from these countries to the traditional recepients. Therefore, African leaders should plan ahead by wisely utlizing their resources to look beyond this decade. And the best way to do that is to allocate more funding for primary education.
Finally, it is widely agreed on the brightness of Africa’s future given its rich natural resources as well as human resources. But unless the education trend, particularly the primary sector, is changed upwards, Africa can be its worst nightmare. No country or continent can sustain an explosive population growth with inadaquate education system. Today’s leaders of Africa, if they choose, can be the founding fathers for new Africa—one that catches up the rest of the world in terms of education and productivity; one that invests its Infrastructure and a better healthcare system. Only then would Africa’s greatness be in full display. As Nelson Mandela once said,"Education is the most powerful weapon which you can use to change the world". So Africa must change itself, then it will be a lot easier to change the rest of the world.