The capital of Djibouti is the city of Djibouti. Located at this intersection of trade routes connecting the Indian Ocean with the Mediterranean Sea, and Africa with Middle East, Djibouti has long been a cultural and commercial crossroads.
Early Djiboutians traded hides and skins for the perfumes and spices of ancient Egypt, India, and China. French interest developed in the 19th century when the area was ruled by the sultan of Raheita, Tadjoura, and Gobaad. The French purchased the anchorage of Obock in 1862 and expanded it in to a colony called French Somaliland. In 1967, the area became the French overseas territory of the Afars and Issas.
The Republic of Djibouti gained its independence from France on June 27, 1977. As a Somali, Afar, and Islamic country, Djibouti regularly takes part in Islamic affairs as well as Arab meetings. The country is a member of the Africa Union, the Arab League, and Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD).
The economy of Djibouti is largely based on service activities as a transit port for the area and an International transshipment and refueling center. Almost two-thirds of the population live in the capital city and the remainder are mostly nomadic herders.
We congratulate the people and government of Djibouti headed by Their Excellencies, President Ismail Omar Guelleh and Prime Minister Dileita Mohamed Dileita, on the occasion of their National Day. We wish them all the best and success in all their endeavors.